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Home » Developing U++ » UppHub » A terminal emulator widget for U++
Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #56243 is a reply to message #56242] Fri, 12 February 2021 23:14 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hello Klugier,

Thanks for the info.

That's what I've suspected, and that's why I asked for you the check it against xterm.

The bash config. sets the ink color to white. (SGR 37). That color is meant to be changed by the user, If the background (which can be overridden by the theme) is the same color, then it'll be unreadble. (unless you explicitly set the color white or the paper color to something else on TerminalCtrl.)


I reproduced it with xterm, GNOME terminal, VTE and kitty. Smile
We can call it a bash config/theme clash and a false alarm.

Best regards,

Oblivion


[Updated on: Fri, 12 February 2021 23:18]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #56348 is a reply to message #51415] Tue, 23 February 2021 22:57 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
A small tip:

TerminalCtrl can display PowerLine fonts and glyphs
By default, however, if you install and try to use PowerLine fonts, you will notice that some glyphs are missing. This is because U++ handles its fallback fonts through a compile-time list.
In order to utilize powerline fonts, all you need to do is add the following line to the end of fallback fonts lists [sFontReplacements array], in Draw/FontCR.cpp:

{ "PowerlineSymbols", 0x00000000, 0x08000008 },


This method can be applied to other fonts as well. Just use uppbox/FontCover app to calculate the font range for your desired font.

If you recompile U++, set up powerline fonts support and configure apps, say vim, you should get a display similar to the below screenshot(taken via stock TerminalLayoutExample):

index.php?t=getfile&id=6382&private=0


Best regards,
Oblivion


[Updated on: Tue, 23 February 2021 23:13]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #56368 is a reply to message #51415] Sat, 27 February 2021 22:07 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hello,

tldlr:

In the following weeks TerminalCtrl will finally gain winpty support.
This means that it will be able to run as a local terminal ("natively") on Windows XP/Vista/7/8/10, without requiring Cygwin, Msys2 or Win10 pseudoconsole api. Smile

This idea was brewing for some time as I was investigating the possibility of embedding native windows console support in PtyProcess class.

As it turned out, it was suprisingly trivial, thanks to winpty.

Pros:

1. TerminalCtrl does not require any specific hack or intervention to run on Windows as a local (=not remote) console, thanks to its design and WinPty.

2. Cygwin or MSYS2 are not required. Only the libwinpty (winpty.lib or winpty.dll) and winpty-agent is required and they compile on native CLANG compiler and Windows environment.

3. WinPty's API seamlessly integrates with PtyProcess class and it api. As a result, the existing terminal examples or code using PtyProcess class do not require any modification. A simple compiler flag (flagWINPTY) will be enough to switch it on.

4. This means it is possible run cmd.exe, bash.exe, powershell.exe, or any Windows-native console application (such as FAR file manager - see screenshot below) directly on TerminalCtrl/PtyProcess.

5. This also means that TerminalCtrl can be set to run in CygWin and Msys2 environments, and it can easily replace Mintty, which is, AFAIK, bound to Cygwin or Msys2 subsystem.

6. winpty has MIT license. You can freely supply the winpty.lib and winpty-agent with your application.


Cons:

- Nothing much at the moment, really. Winpty has some small quirks but they arent specific to our terminal emulator widget.


Below screenshot is from the Far file manager. It is running natively on the stock TerminalExample, on Windows 7.

index.php?t=getfile&id=6385&private=0


If you have any questions, bug reports, suggestions criticism, etc. let me know.


Best regards,
Oblivion



[Updated on: Sat, 27 February 2021 22:23]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #56383 is a reply to message #51415] Mon, 01 March 2021 23:49 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hi,

TerminalCtrl now officially supports winpty on Windows platform.

This effectively eliminates one of the major "show-stoppers" we've had up until now with TerminalCtrl: Native console support on Windows XP/Vista/7/8. (ıt can also be used on Win10, but we already have PTY support for that version of windows)

You have two choice here should you select the WINPTY backend:

1) You can compile winpty-agent, winpty.dll and winpty.lib. These files can be easily created, It is not a complicated process.
2) You can use the existing files in your system (for example you can get them from MSYS2 installation or from the GIT Windows client). Just put the agent and dll in the same directory as your terminal app and link your app against winpty.lib (by activating WINPTY flag).

 


In the process, I made a so-called "course-correction" which unfortunately slightly breaks the existing TerminalCtrl installations: I have removed the PtyProcess code from TerminalCtrl source tree and made it into a separate pacakge.
Thus you will need to explicitly add PtyProcess package and its heeader file to your apllications if you want to use it.

E.g.
#include <PtyProcess/PtyProcess.h>


I apologize for this break, but hopefully this will allow easier maintenance and better separation of code.


Best regards,
Oblivion


[Updated on: Mon, 01 March 2021 23:54]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #56393 is a reply to message #51415] Wed, 03 March 2021 20:45 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hi a small update,

I have already managed to compile and statically link winpty library with stock Upp and the bundled clang compiler with very little wrestling.
Not to mention that winpty has MIT license.. This means we can simply provide the library with the PtyProcess package, and preferably making it the default backend, for easy maintenance and development. This and testing shouldn't take more than a week or so.
Later I can wrestle with MSC. Smile


Best regards,
Oblivion




[Updated on: Wed, 03 March 2021 20:45]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #56404 is a reply to message #51415] Sun, 07 March 2021 14:42 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hello,


- PtyProcess package now contains a patched and statically linked version of libwinpty.

- winpty is from now on the default pty backend on Windows platform. No WINPTY flag is required to activate it.

- Since winpty requires an agent executable, I have also added PtyAgent to both TerminalCtrl nest on UppHub and to upp-components/Core.

- After building the PtyAgent, just move the resulting exacutable (PtyAgent.exe) to your apps executables directory.

- Package is tested with CLANG. MSC will follow...


This means that effectively Terminal package -as a local pty- and its examples are now able to run and work on various versions of Windows.



If you have any questions or suggestions, let me know.

Best regards,
Oblivion



[Updated on: Sun, 07 March 2021 14:44]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #56929 is a reply to message #51415] Sat, 01 May 2021 14:17 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hi,

Terminal package is updated. This update is somewhat big, as the 2021.1 release is imminent.
Consider the below changes as a summary of 2021.1 milestone (v0.5) changes/highlights:

Changes:

* Cell padding (horizontal/vertical) is implemented.
* Missing tester methods are implemented.
+ Display renderer is refactored and optimized.
+ Parser (VTInstream) is optimized, using chunking in addition to traditional state machine. It is ~82% faster on average.on a reference machine.
+ Sixel renderer is refactored and optimized. The renderer's raw performance is almost doubled. From 14 to 27 MB/s on a reference machine. 
+ An out-of-bounds crash with dynamic colors feature is fixed.
+ Dynamic colors feature is improved. It can now set/reset multiple colors in a single command.
+ Display refreshing strategy is improved.
+ Local echo now correctly calls the display refreshing methods.
+ A crash when selecting wrapped text lines is fixed.
+ Parser now allows OSC sequences to have UTF-8 payload on  UTF-8 parsing mode.
+ SGR mouse tracking mode gained a pixel-level tracking variant. 
+ UTf-8 titles (xterm extension) are now correctly displayed and reported.
+ On Windows Vista, 7, 8, 10 PtyProcess now allows native console applications via WinPty.
+ On windows, PtyProcess now defaults to statically linked WinPty backend. (Win10 api stays as the recommended option on Windows ver. >= 10)
+ On windows native console (Via WinPty), TerminalCtrl now correctly refreshes the page size after a window size change.
+ Deprecated "Terminal" alias is now removed. 



Only a few more compliance tests and cosmetic changes remain. After that, I'll mark this as 2021.1


Suggestions, bug reports, etc .are welcome.

Best regards,
Oblivion


[Updated on: Sat, 01 May 2021 14:58]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57100 is a reply to message #51415] Tue, 25 May 2021 13:00 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hi,

TerminalCtrl will be marked as v0.5 (2021.1) next week. This release will have a lot of improvements.

TerminalLayoutExample (the GUI building example) will include some more tricks such as unicode input method (demonstrating the way to use popup windows with TerminalCtrl.)

A preview (gif):

https://i.imgur.com/e5h3vjz.gif


Smile

This will be available next week.

Best regards,

Oblivion


[Updated on: Fri, 28 May 2021 11:36]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57126 is a reply to message #51415] Thu, 27 May 2021 20:39 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
I usually don't add screenshots or gifs from Windows, but here it is:

TerminalLayoutExample, running on Windows 7 (Winpty/cmd.exe), demonstrating the improved unicode codepoint insertion popup and a simple banner, using echo parser. (will be available next week)

https://i.imgur.com/JjUa46b.gif


Best regards,
Oblivion


[Updated on: Thu, 27 May 2021 21:15]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57136 is a reply to message #51415] Sat, 29 May 2021 18:08 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hello,

Terminal package is tagged as 2021.1 and officially released/updated. It is available via Upphub and upp-components repo.
This version brings many improvements (such as Windows 7/8/10, winpty support) and bug fixes. See my previous posts and git logs. for details.


Best regards,
Oblivion


[Updated on: Sat, 29 May 2021 19:59]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57242 is a reply to message #57136] Tue, 15 June 2021 16:41 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Novo is currently offline  Novo
Messages: 1371
Registered: December 2006
Ultimate Contributor
Compilation problem on Mac while compiling TerminalInWebBrowserExample:
/Users/ssg/worker0/m-upphub-TerminalCtrl/build/TerminalCtrl/Terminal/Keys.cpp:312:89: error: use of undeclared identifier 'K_OPTION_KEY'; did you mean 'K_OPTION'?
        if(findarg(key & ~(K_CTRL|K_ALT|K_SHIFT|K_OPTION), K_CTRL_KEY, K_ALT_KEY, K_SHIFT_KEY, K_OPTION_KEY) >= 0)
                                                                                               ^~~~~~~~~~~~
                                                                                               K_OPTION
/Users/ssg/dvlp/cpp/code/upp/git/uppsrc/CtrlCore/CtrlCore.h:103:2: note: 'K_OPTION' declared here
        K_OPTION       = 0x4000000,
        ^

MacOS can be easily installed in a VM (check for such projects on github).


Regards,
Novo
Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57702 is a reply to message #57242] Fri, 26 November 2021 23:19 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Klugier is currently offline  Klugier
Messages: 1077
Registered: September 2012
Location: Poland, Kraków
Senior Contributor
Hello Oblivion,

I just read the article about 10 Cool Command Line Application on OMG Ubuntu, how many of theme are compatible with TerminalCtrl? I think these applications give good testing environment. You could try it by yourself!

Klugier


U++ - one framework to rule them all.
Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57703 is a reply to message #57702] Sat, 27 November 2021 07:51 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hello Klugier,

(I've been changing my job, so I was away for several month. And I am almost back to developing U++ stuff... Nice to see you all. Smile )

All of those mentioned applications AFAIK are compatiable with TerminalCtrl. We even have a video demonstrating the mapscii on TerminalCtrl's earlier versions. (I've tested them all except the twitter app) If you find any problems. let me know.

Even the highly experimental next-gen terminal stuff (notcurses demos, vtm, etc.) are compatible wihh TerminalCtrl. And the new wchar32 will make things even better on the unicode side. (I am going to test it soon)

ATM, TerminalCtrl passes 425 unit tests, and fails on 86 tests when passed as 'xterm'. This is AFAIK one of the highest scores for non-xterm-based VTEs. (results are taken from esctest terminal unit testing suite).
Where Gnome Terminal can pass only 136 tests when disguised as 'xterm' (Not that Gnome terminal is bad, it just does not implement some legacy stuff for old apps and other features)


Not to mention that even Far Manager (a CLI-based TUI file manager on Windows) works on TerminalCtrl. Cool


A side note: I use vim and emacs, htop, ranger on TerminalCtrl regularly.


Best regards,
Oblivion



[Updated on: Sat, 27 November 2021 08:05]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57705 is a reply to message #57702] Sat, 27 November 2021 10:47 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Klugier wrote on Sat, 27 November 2021 01:19
Hello Oblivion,

I just read the article about 10 Cool Command Line Application on OMG Ubuntu, how many of theme are compatible with TerminalCtrl? I think these applications give good testing environment. You could try it by yourself!

Klugier


A screenshot of btop:

index.php?t=getfile&id=6524&private=0

Smile

Best regards,
Oblivion


Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57841 is a reply to message #51415] Tue, 21 December 2021 07:39 Go to previous messageGo to next message
slashupp is currently offline  slashupp
Messages: 231
Registered: July 2009
Experienced Member
a lazy man's questions:

1. (I did RTFM - so this question goes away)

2. Can the ctrl be used to run as a login shell? (not just as an emulator)
(This is for applications that require use of .profile and not just .bashrc)

[Updated on: Tue, 21 December 2021 07:44]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #57846 is a reply to message #57841] Tue, 21 December 2021 09:40 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hello slashupp,


Quote:
2. Can the ctrl be used to run as a login shell? (not just as an emulator)
(This is for applications that require use of .profile and not just .bashrc)


Yes you can. TerminalCtrl, being a ctrl, simply interprets a string input which may contain terminal escape commands and characters. You feed it with any source of string.
It, however, comes with an optional/default PtyProcess class, which can runs system processes, including login shells. (If it doesn't suit your needs you can simply replace the pty with any other source)


Best regards,
Oblivion


Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #58093 is a reply to message #51415] Sat, 12 February 2022 19:16 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hi,

Terminal package will receive a big update in March 2022.

In the meantime, however, I am happy to announce that you can enjoy the brand new enhanced unicode support of U++ (wchar32) in TerminalCtrl, which means the terminal can now display virtually all of the emojis correctly.
The required changes were minor, and already pushed to the both upp-components and Upphub repos, as TerminalCtrl was already designed to work with up ot 32 bit characters from the beginning.

A screenshot taken with vtm, a modern text user interface and terminal multiplexer (running on TerminalLayoutExample)

https://i.imgur.com/LrTCEYH.png

You can access the free demo of vtm to test TerminalCtrl, using the following command via the stock TerminaCtrl examples:

#ssh vtm@netxs.online



Best regards,
Oblivion


Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #58436 is a reply to message #51415] Fri, 20 May 2022 11:48 Go to previous messageGo to next message
jjacksonRIAB is currently offline  jjacksonRIAB
Messages: 221
Registered: June 2011
Experienced Member
Very nice control but it also needs a ton of optimization work. If I run find . * in my home directory it takes 7.4 seconds in Konsole, ~12 seconds in lxterm and xterm and 1 minute 44 seconds in TerminalCtrl.
Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #58437 is a reply to message #51415] Fri, 20 May 2022 13:53 Go to previous messageGo to next message
jjacksonRIAB is currently offline  jjacksonRIAB
Messages: 221
Registered: June 2011
Experienced Member
Just to make sure I tried it again with

tr -dc '[:graph:]' < /dev/urandom | tr -d \''\\'\` | head -c 1G > test.txt


and

time cat test.txt


For Konsole I got:

real    1m4.362s
user    0m0.017s
sys     0m6.407s


and for TerminalCtrl I got

real    18m33.085s
user    0m0.024s
sys     0m10.896s


rxvt appears to be the fastest I've tested at

real    0m17.997s
user    0m0.004s
sys     0m4.674s

[Updated on: Fri, 20 May 2022 16:53]

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Re: A terminal emulator widget for U++ [message #58440 is a reply to message #58436] Fri, 20 May 2022 23:24 Go to previous messageGo to previous message
Oblivion is currently offline  Oblivion
Messages: 1096
Registered: August 2007
Senior Contributor
Hi!

Quote:
y nice control but it also needs a ton of optimization work. If I run find . * in my home directory it takes 7.4 seconds in Konsole, ~12 seconds in lxterm and xterm and 1 minute 44 seconds in TerminalCtrl.


Thank you very much for the feedback!

My guess is that you've probably tested it on TerminalExample (which isn't meant to test the real-life performance of TerminalCtrl.
If so, could you re-test it on TerminalLayoutExample, which uses a proper high performance (high throughput) loop?

Best regards,
Oblivion


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